What are the typical costs associated with filing a marriage green card in the U.S.?
The costs associated with filing a marriage-based green card application in the United States can vary based on several factors, including the specific circumstances of the couple, the type of green card being applied for, and any additional services or legal assistance required. Here are some typical marriage green card costs you might encounter:
- Form Filing Fees: The main form required for a marriage-based green card application is Form I-485 (Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status). The filing fee for Form I-485 is $1,140 per applicant. This fee covers the application processing and biometrics (fingerprinting) services.
- Form I-130: This form, the Petition for Alien Relative, is filed by the U.S. citizen or permanent resident spouse to establish the relationship with the foreign spouse. The filing fee for Form I-130 is $535.
- Affidavit of Support (Form I-864): The sponsoring spouse needs to submit this form to demonstrate that they have the financial means to support the intending immigrant and prevent them from becoming a public charge. There is no filing fee for Form I-864 itself, but the sponsor must meet certain income requirements.
- Medical Examination: As part of the green card application process, the intending immigrant is required to undergo a medical examination by a USCIS-approved doctor. The cost of the medical exam can vary, but it typically ranges from $100 to $500.
- Translation and Documentation: If any of the supporting documents, such as birth certificates or marriage certificates, are not in English, you may need to pay for their translation. Additionally, obtaining necessary documents and copies might incur some costs.
- Travel and Transportation: If the intending immigrant needs to travel to a USCIS office or for the medical examination, there could be travel and transportation expenses.
- Legal Fees: Many individuals choose to work with an immigration attorney or consultant to ensure their application is properly prepared and submitted. Legal fees can vary widely depending on the complexity of the case and the attorney’s experience.
- Biometrics Fees: Biometrics (fingerprinting and photographing) are typically required as part of the application process. The biometrics fee is $85 per applicant.
- Adjustment of Status Interview: If required, attending an adjustment of status interview might incur additional costs for travel and preparation.
Make sure to check the USCIS website for the most up-to-date fee information before filing your application. Additionally, the costs can vary depending on individual circumstances, so it’s a good idea to consult with an immigration attorney or expert to understand the specific costs applicable to your situation.
How can I reduce the cost of filing a marriage green card application?
Reducing the cost of filing a marriage green card application requires careful planning, research, and organization. While some costs are fixed, there are several strategies you can employ to minimize expenses:
- DIY vs. Professional Help: You can save money by preparing and submitting the application yourself without the help of an attorney. However, keep in mind that immigration laws and regulations can be complex, and a simple mistake could lead to delays or denials. If you’re comfortable with the process and have a straightforward case, DIY might be an option.
- Research Fee Waivers: Certain applicants might be eligible for fee waivers or reduced fees based on financial hardship. Review the USCIS guidelines to see if you qualify for a fee waiver for specific forms.
- File Accurate and Complete Documents: Ensure that all required documents are properly filled out, accurate, and complete. Mistakes or missing information could lead to processing delays, which could cost you in terms of time and potential follow-up fees.
- Avoid Unnecessary Services: Be cautious when considering additional services or offers that promise faster processing times. USCIS already provides standard processing options, and paying for expedited services might not always be necessary.
- Optimize Timing: Plan your application filing according to your financial situation. If you anticipate a change in your income or expenses, consider filing when you can meet the requirements more comfortably.
- Bundle Applications: If you are filing multiple forms simultaneously (e.g., Form I-130 and Form I-485), you might be able to save on overall filing fees compared to filing each form separately.
- Medical Examination: Research and choose a USCIS-approved doctor for the medical examination who offers competitive rates. This might involve calling around and comparing prices.
- Translation and Documentation: If you’re proficient in both languages, you could translate documents yourself to save on translation costs. Additionally, gather necessary documents early to avoid rush fees.
- Use Online Resources: The USCIS website provides a wealth of information and resources for applicants. Review their guidelines and instructions to ensure that you’re following the correct procedures.
- Community Resources: Check if there are local community organizations or non-profit groups that offer assistance with immigration applications at lower costs or for free.
- Attend Interviews Prepared: If you’re required to attend an interview, make sure you’re well-prepared with all necessary documents. An efficient interview can help avoid delays or the need for additional appointments.
- Stay Informed: Stay up-to-date with USCIS fee changes and immigration policy updates. Being aware of any potential fee changes can help you plan accordingly.
Remember that while reducing costs is important, it’s equally crucial to ensure the accuracy and completeness of your application. Mistakes could lead to delays and additional expenses in the long run. If you’re unsure about any aspect of the application process, seeking advice from an immigration attorney or consultant might be a wise investment to prevent costly errors.